The Significance of Navratri 2018
Navratri is one of the major festivals in Hindus celebrated across India with joyful exuberance and lot of show. Navratri word is made up of joining two Hindi words Nav and Ratri, Nav means nine and, Ratri means night. The festival is celebrated for nine nights and ten days and is one of the longest festivals of Hindus.
Each day in Navratri is depicting the different forms or Avatars of Goddess Durga or Goddess Shakti depicting victory of good over evil in all forms.
Day 1: Devi Shailaputri The day is associated with the avatar of Goddess Durga called as Shailaputri. She is the daughter of mountains and is the incarnation of Goddess Parvati
Day 2: Devi Brahmcharini. She is another incarnation of Parvati. She is Sati who is worshipped for moksha, peace, and prosperity
Day 3: Devi Chandraghanta. She is depicting Goddess Devi Parvati who after marrying Lord Shiva adorned her forehead with half moon. She symbolizes beauty and bravery.
Day 4: Devi Kushmunda. She depicts eight arms and sits on the lion. She is associated with vegetation on earth.
Day 5: Devi Skandmata. She depicts the strength of the mother. She is riding a lion having four arms and holds a baby.
Day 6: Devi Katyayani. She is extremely courageous and rides a lion and has four hands.
Day 7: Devi Kalratri. She is the most ferocious form of Goddess Durga and turns black to kill demons.
Day 8: Devi Mahagauri. She is intelligent and peaceful.
Day 9: Devi Sidhidatri. She is worshipped on last day and is the last form of Goddess Durga. Devi Sidhidatri sits on a lotus and possess all siddhis. She has four hands carrying Veena, book. She is known as Goddess Devi Saraswati and is the wife Branhmadeva.
Four-Time In The Year: Navratri 2018
According to the Hindu religion. Navratri falls Four times in a year. Which is according to Hindu calendar months is Chaitra, Aashadh, Ashwin, and Magha. Out of these Four, Navrati falling in Chaitra and Ashwin months which are more popular.
Basant Navratri falls in the month of Chaitra (March – April). The ninth day is observed as Ram Navami or the birth of Lord Rama. Sharad Navratri is celebrated in the month of Ashwin (September – October) and the tenth day is celebrated as Dusshera or Vijayadashmi.
Dusshera or Vijayadashmi is the day when Lord Ram killed Ravana and Goddess Durga killed Buffalo demon Mahishasura.
Navratri 2018: Different states in India
Sarad Navratri is linked to Goddess Durga or Goddess Shakti and Lord Rama and gives the message of victory of good and evil based either on Ramayana or Devi Mahamaya. Navratri celebrities the goodness among the common people to get rid of the negativity in the form of jealousy, greediness, anger, lust etc.
In different states, the form of celebration differs. In Chaitra Navratri, mainly fast is performed which is opened on Ram Navami day whereas Sharad Navratri is linked to social gatherings, shows and Pandal Puja that differs as per the regions.
Northern parts of India, Ram Lila is performed for these nine days and on the tenth day, Dussehra is celebrated in which effigy of Ravana is burnt.
Eastern and Northeastern part of India, Durga Puja is celebrated for these nine days and on the tenth day, the idol of Goddess Durga killing buffalo demon, Mahishasura is immersed in water and it is called as Vijayadashmi.
western parts of India, Navratri is celebrated by worshiping Goddess Durga and dances called as Dandiya and Garba are performed in the nights among friends and family. In southern parts of India, Dusshera is very popular and worshiping of Goddess Saraswati is also done.
Navratri 2018: Celebrated With joyful and Well Manner
Navratri is celebrated is much joyful and show manner. There are stage decorations in which plays depicting recital of mythological stories like Ramayana, dances and other shows, folk dances etc are done in a common gathering.
Nevertheless, the purpose is common in which the festival gives reason to meet the community and enhance the rich tradition and culture through various modes.
Though the festival ends on the tenth day with the immersion of Goddess Durga idol in water or burning of the effigy of Ravana, it is the beginning of the celebration of the most important festival in Diwali which falls after the tenth day. It is said that after killing Ravana, Lord Rama returned to Ayodhya after twenty days.
Decoration in Navratri 2018
Navratri decorations are extensive and varied from culture to culture. Homes are cleaned, decorated with flowers, lights, and rangolis. Rangoli can be done either from rangoli colors or artificial stickers are also available. Markets are filled with the small handcrafted decorative material like Laxmi Charan.
People from different regions worship the different idol forms of Goddess, therefore, various idols of Goddess Durga are available in the market made up different materials like brass, wood etc. For pandal and stages idols of Goddess Durga, Laxmi, Saraswati, and Kartikay are built.
Pandals are decorated with LED lights, flower, garlands. Various handcrafted Diyas and thalis are also available for puja during Navratris. Various local handcrafted items like wall hangings, chowki etc can be brought from the market.
Dresses and Colors during Navratri 2018
People tend to wear traditional dresses during the Navratri season. In Gujarat and western part of India, Garba and dandiya are done wearing traditional dresses like Chaniya Choli which are available extensively in the market during these days. In Bengal, Durga Puja is done by wearing traditional Bengali saree.
Now day’s people, especially youths tend to celebrate the festival by wearing nine different colors on nine days. Since, each nine-day signifies a different form of Goddess Durga, following are the colors that can be worn during Navratri season reflecting each form of Goddess.
Written By Mrs. Mansi Mandal