India Gears up for Diwali 2018
Diwali or Deepavali is the most important and biggest festival in India. The name is derived from two words- Deepa meaning Clay lamps and Avali means row. Diwali is Celebrate on the third day and the darkest no moon night of the Kartik month of Hindu Calendar. The festival is celebrated almost across the world every year with the greatest pomp and show. As per the Gregorian Calendar. The festival falls between mid-October to mid-November.
Apart from India, Diwali is also an official holiday in Nepal, Fiji, Guyana, Malaysia, Mauritius, Myanmar, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Suriname, and Trinidad and Tobago. During Diwali, every house, shops, buildings, temples etc are brightly illuminated symbolizing the victory of light over darkness.
In the lead up to Diwali, preparation begins almost the next day of Dusshera or Navratri. Which have a gap of 20 days During this time people clean, renovate and decorate their houses, shops, offices, and buildings.
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History of Diwali festival
The history of the festival varies with different stories but the most well-known link of Diwali is the legend of Ramayana where on Diwali day Lord Rama, Sita, Lakshmana, and Hanuman return came back to Ayodhya after 14 years of exile and after killing the demon king Ravana representing the victory of good over evil.
5 Day’s of Diwali Festival
First and Second Day – Dhanteras and Choti Diwali
Diwali is typically the five day’s festivals which start with Dhanteras The first auspicious day where celebrants decorate their houses with floor decoration called as rangoli. Rangoli is a colorful sand painting made with hand. On the First day, people tend to buy gold ornaments and utensils. The second day is the day of Choti Diwali in which people decorate houses with Diwali diyas.
The third day – Laxmi Puja
The third day is the main festival day of Diwali. The climax reaches at late evening after sunset which is also the darkest night when families gather together to worship of The Lord Ganesha and the Goddess Laxmi puja (Goddess of wealth and prosperity) at individual houses, shops, buildings, temples etc. chanting with mouth-watering feasts, mithai and firecrackers and exchange Diwali greetings among friends, peers, relative, and colleagues.
The fourth day – The Govardhan Puja
The fourth day of Diwali is celebrating in some parts of India as Govardhan Puja. Lord Krishna on this day uplifted Goverdhan hill to save villagers of Vrindavan from the torrential storms and rains.
Also called as, Annakoot which literally means mountain of food, devotees of Lord Krishna prepare almost fifty-six varieties of vegetarian food devoid of onion and garlic. In some parts of India like Gujarat and Rajasthan, next day to Diwali is celebrated as the New Year. In some Indian states, parts celebrate this day as Diwali Padva, the day dedicated to the sacred relation of husband and wife.
The fifth and the last – Bhai Dooj
The fifth and the last day of Diwali festival. This is dedicated to the bonding of brother and sisters and It’s called Bhai-Dooj. Mostly Brothers visit their married sister’s houses with gifts and sweets. Some Hindus and Sikh communities mark this day as Vishwakarma puja by offering their prayers to tools and machinery.
Decoration, Shopping, and Rangoli: Diwali Festival
One may find the markets bombarded with Diwali Mithai, decorative lights, decorative Diyas, rangoli, decorative lights Diwali Great Indian Festival Sale and many more. Indian subcontinent observes great festive offers in marketplaces on big, and small household things, costly purchases like a car, bikes, scooters, electric appliances, clothes, outfits, house and office property sale, ornaments, Jewellery and many more.
Diwali is the biggest shopping season. The booms up the financial exchange and economics. Almost entire country schools and educational institutions observe the vacation time allowing kids to visit their near and dear ones and both public and private sector also observe a national holiday on the Diwali. With the advent of the internet and email communication, one may find the websites and mobile applications filled with e-cards and e-greetings.
Celebrate in different faiths
Diwali is famous across the world in different faiths like Hindus, Sikhs, Jains, and Newer Buddhists. They representing various historical and mythological stories. With the one meaning of symbolic victory of good over evil. Maybe you see the variations due to different locations and different traditions but sharing the same pan of spiritual significance will be the same.
Written by Mansi Mandal
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Wish you Happy Diwali in Advance to You and Your Family.